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hnip ]utemkv AsmkvtXmes cmw anjy\dn bm{X

By Dr. Rajan Mathew

hnip ]utemkns Hmw anjy\dn bm{Xbvptijw Ipsd \mfpI Ignv, BZy t{]jI DZyan Ah m]n k`I hopw kinvv ktlmZcm Fs\bncnpp Fp t\mWsav s]utemkv __mknt\mSp \ntinp. atmkv F tbmlms\bpw Iqn t]mIphm __mkv B{Klnp. s]utemtkm ]w^peybn \np Xsf hnp anjy ]qnbmmsX t]mb Hcmsf Iqnsmp t]mIpXp tbmKya Fp \ncq]np __mknt\mSv hntbmPnp. As\ Ah Xn D{KhmZapmbnp th ]ncnp hyXykvX BfpIsf XncsSpv hyXykvX efntev t]mbn. __mkv atmkns\ Iqn I Ibdn Ips{]mkv Zzo]ntep t]mbn. s]utemtkm ioemkns\ XncsSpp ktlmZcmcm ssIshp \In Imhnsd Ir]bn `ctaev]nsnp bm{X ]pdsp kndnb, knenkym tZifn IqSn kcnp k`Isf Ddnp t]mp.

hnip ]utemkns klNmcnbmbncp ioemkv ]utemkns teJ\fn ]cmainncnpXpt]mse knhm\kv Fpw AdnbsSpp. ap {]kvXmhnXpt]mse sbdpitew kpltZmkns Xocpam\w AtymIy k`bvv ssIamdm \ntbmKns tbdpitew k`bnse Hcp {]apJ {]hmNI\mbncpp ioemkv. ]noSv ]utemkv sXsem\nbsgpXnb cv teJ\fptSbpw klcNbnXmhmbn {]hnnpv. ]utemknt\mSpw XnsamsYtbmkn\psamw sImcnn k`bn {]kwKnncpp. hnip ]t{Xmkns BZyteJ\n ioemkns\ Hcp hnizkvX ktlmZc\mbn hntijnnnpv. ioemkpw ]utemkns\tmse Hcp tdma ]uc\mbncpp.

XnsamsYsbmknsd Bhn`mhw:
]utemkpw ioemkpw BZy bm{Xbn kinv k`Iġv hnp ]mInb sZbnsepw ]ns epkv{Xbntepw kndnbbnse AtymIybn\nv bm{X Xncnp. BZys anjy\dn bm{Xbn apSs\ kuJyampIbpw AXp \mSIob cwKġv hgn sXfnbpw sNbvX epkv{Xbn Atmtgpw ssZhk` Xgp hfncpp. AhnsS hnizmkaptmcp sblqZkv{XobpsS aI\mbn XnsamsYsbmkv Fp t]cp Hcp injy Dmbncpp. Ahsd A bh\\mbncpp. Ahs A bq\obpw henb temhokpw hfsc t\cs Xs ]cnh\w sNs BmXbpw Ir]bpw \nd hnizmknIfmbncpp. hninamb kZvKpWhpw `nbpw D kv{XoI F \nebn hnip ]utemkv Ccphtcbpw hfsc _lpam\tmsS IcpXpIbpw AhcpsS Idbnm hnizmks mLnpIbpw sNbvXncpp. {InkvXptbiphnep hnizmkm cp m\nbmphm aXnbmb XncpshgppIsf _meyw apX hnizkvXXtbmsS ]TnpIbpw AdnIbpw sNbvX Hcp hnizmkn Bbncpp XnsamsYsbmkvv. Atlw epkv{Xbnepw Ctm\ybnepap ktlmZcmcm \ kmyhpw {]ikvXnbpw t\Snbncp hyn Bbncpp. Atln\v Pep\npw Ab{]tZifn \npw Ifanm {]ikvXn am{Xa, AgnaXnbn\nv ap\pambncpp. XtmSpIqSn kphntijthebvmbn XnsamsYsbmkv hcWsav ]utemkv B{Klnp.

XnsamsYtbmkns A bh\ Fp AhnSfnep sblqZm Fmhcpw AdnncpXn\m Ahsc hnNmcnp Ahs\ ]cntZ\ Ignnp. XnsamsYtbmkns ]cntZ\sb hnip ]utemkv Xs teJ\n \ymboIcnpXv C{]ImcamWv. "sblqZmsc t\tSXnp Rm sblqZmp sblqZs\tmse Bbn; \ymb{]amWn Iogphsc t\tSXnp Rm \ymb{]amWn Iogph A Fnepw \ymb{]amWn Iogphp \ymb{]amWn Iogphs\tmse Bbn. ssZhnp \ymb{]amWanmh BImsX {InkvXphnp \ymb{]amWaph\mbncns \ymb{]amWanmhsc t\tSXnp Rm \ymb{]amWanmhp \ymb{]amWanmhs\tmse Bbn. _elo\msc t\tSXnp Rm _elo\p _elo\\mbn; GXphn[nepw Nnesc cntXnp Rm Fmhpw Fmambnop. kphntijn Hcp ]mfnbmtIXnp Rm kIehpw kphntijw \nanw sNpp.' (1 sImcny 9:21-23)

hnip ]utemkv ssIshv \In ssZhnsd Ir]mhcw Pzennv XnsamsYtbmkns\ XtfmSpIqsS tNv aXnbmb inWw \In. sbcpiteanse AsmkvXemcpw aqmcpw sImSpb {]amW ]mentXn\v ]WwtXmdpw sNp k`Isf klmbnm XntamsYtbmkns\ \ntbmKnp. As\ k`I hnizmkn Dsdbpw Fn Znhtk\ s]cpIpIbpw sNbvXp. ssZhip{iqjbvp \nti ASnb cv ]mkvd teJ\ hnip ]utemkv XntamsYtbmkn\v FgpXnbnpv.

]utemknt\bpw kwLtbpw \bnpXn ]cnipmmhns kPoh CSs]S \nccw Dmbncpp. Ctmgs Xqnbmb Gjyssa\dn hN\w {]kwKnpXn\nv Bmhv Ahsc hnenbncpp. AXn\m {^pKybnepw KemXy tZinepw IqSn kcnp, Ah apkybn Fn: _nYps\yp t]mIphm {ianp; tbiphnsd Bmthm Ahsc kXnn. _nYps\y hnip ]t{Xmknsbpw {]h\taJe Bbncpp. ]t{Xmkv Xs BZys teJ\w FgpXnbXv _nYps\ybnse hnizmknIsfqSn kwt_m[\ sNbvXpsImmWv. Ah ]Snmdv CuPnb ISens Xoctpw, ]ns apky ISp Xnctdnb XpdapJ \Kcamb t{Xmhmkn Fn. Cs Xpnbnse CuPnb ISens Ing XocmWv t{Xmhmkv. ]pcmX\ t{SmbnbpsS Ahinfn\nv 20 Intemao sXmWv CXv. t{Xmhmkv hsc ]utemkpw ioemkpw XntamsYtbmkpw BWv AhcpsS Iqn DmbncpXv. AXn\ptijw "R' F teJIs ]Z{]tbmKn\npw eqtmkpw AhcpsS Iqn tNp Fv A\pam\nmw.

astZm\y ki\w:
t{Xmhmkn shp s]utemkv, cm{Xnbn astZm\ymc\mtbmcp ]pcpj AcnsI \np: \o astZms\yp ISp hp Rsf klmbn Fp XtmSp At]npXmbn Hcp Zi\w Ip. Cu Zi\w Inp AhtcmSp kphntijw Adnbnm ssZhw Xsf hnfnncnpp Fp \nbnp, Ah DSs\ astZms\yp ]pdsSphm Xmdmbn. As\ Ah t{Xmhmkn \np I Ibdn t\sc ksam{Xmsbntepw ASp Znhkw \hs]menpw AhnsS \np ^nennbntepw bm{Xbmbn. t{XmhmkvamkntUmWnb kap{Z amn nXn sNp, 69 NXpc{i ssa am{Xw hnkvXoap Hcp {Kov Zzo]mbncpp ksams{Xkv [ Samothrace ]. hnip ]utemkv Xs cmw bm{Xbn Hcp cm{Xn AhnsS Nnehgnp. CuPnb ISens hS Xocp amkntUmWnbmbnse ^nenbnse Hcp XpdapJ ]Wambncpp \hs]men [ Neapolis ]. ^nennbn \nv 10 ssa AIsebmWv Cu ]Ww nXn sNpXv. ]utemkpw IqmfnIfpw Im Ipnb bqtdmnse BZys eambncpp CXv.

hS {Kokpw _m D]Zzo]pw hsc hym]npInSp Ncn{X {][m\yap Hcp {]tZiamWv atZm\y Asn amkntUmWnb [ Macedonia ]. B. C \memw \qmn alm\mb AeIvkmdpsS `cWImev temInse Ghpw henb km{mPyambn amkntUmWnb amdn. Xs ssk\nItk\sb insSppXn\mbn ^nenv cma {Kop cmPyfpsS Hcp s^Utdj Hm^v tImcnv Asn sl\nv eoKv cq]oIcnp. Ncn{Xn BZyambmWv an {Kov cmPyfpw Hscm cm{ob m]\ambn HnXv. Amev temIns Ghpw henb t]jy km{mPyw IogSm ^nenv cma kz]v\w Incpp. Fm B. C. 336 amkntUmWnbbpsS Xem\amb sFKmbnbn Xs kz]v\w kmmXvIcnsSmsX Atlw sImsp. Fm Ncn{Xnse Ghpw henb ssk\nI _pnIfnsemcmfmb Atlns aI AeIvkm Zn t{Kv A[nImcnsen, ]nXmhv Bcw`n tPmen ]qnbmn. amkntUmWnb km{mPyw {Kokn \nv CUy hsc hym]np. B.C. 323 Cs Cdmnse ]pcmX\ \Kcamb _m_ntemWnbmbn 32 hbkmbncp Atlw AmX ImcWfm acnp. {Kokns hSp]Snmdmbn _m D]Zzo]n Hcp sNdnb cmPyamb dnnv Hm^v amkntUmWnb 1991 bptKmmhnbbn \nv kzmXyw {]m]nXn\ptijw cq]oIcnsp.

^nenn t{XknbbpsS AXnnbnep astZm\ybnse Hcp {][m\ ]Whpw tdmam IpSntbdnmXpw Bb eamWv. B. C. 358 amkntUmWnbbnse cmPmhmb ^nenv cma Cu ]Ww FSpv hepXmn insSpn tImsImf \nnv Xs t]cn ]p\ \maIcWw sNbvXp. ]na A`qtKmfn {]tXyInv bqtdmv `qJޯn {InkvXob kphntijw {]kwKn BZys {]tZiambncpp ^nenn. ]utemkpw klkphntijIcpw Iqsd Znhkw B ]Wn Xmaknp. Hmw t{]jIbm{Xbn kcnncp ]Wfnsetmse ChnsS kntKmKv Dmbncpn.

]pghs kphntij tLmjWw:
ip Znhkw Ah tKm]pcnp ]pdtp t]mbn AhnsS {]m\mew Dmbncnpw Fp hnNmcnp ]pghp Ccpp; AhnsS IqSn h kv{XoItfmSp kphntijw kwkmcnp. Xpbssc ]Wmcnbpw cmw_cw hnphfpambn epZnbm Fp t]cp ssZh`bmtbmcp kv{Xo hN\w tIpsImncpp. s]utemkv kwkmcnXp {intXn\p Imhp AhfpsS lrZbw Xpdp. Ahfpw IpSpw_hpw kv\m\w Gtijw: "\n Fs Imhn hnizkvX Fp Fnbncnppshn Fsd hon hp ]mn' Fp At]np Ahsc \nnp. bqtdmv `qJޯn {InkvXpaXntev BZyambn ]cnh\w sNsXmbn IWmsSp hnipbmWv epZnbm. ]e {InkvXpaX hn`mKfpw epZnbmsb Hcp hnipbmbn IcpXn _lpam\npp.

Zpcmmhn\m {]hnv AhtfmSv BtemNnhtcmSv Ahyamb Dc \In hcm\ncnp Imcy Adnbm\p AhcpsS hyamb B{Kl ]qnIcnv Xr]vXnsSpnbncp Hcp shfnmSn s]Ipn sXcphn Ahsc FXntcp. Ah {]m\metp sNptm eWw ]dp bPam\mp hfsc em`w sImbvXpsImSpncp Cu a{hmZn\n s]Ipn Znhtk\ Ahsc ]npSv "Cu a\pjy AXypX\mb ssZhnsd Zmkm, cmamw \ntfmSp Adnbnph' Fp hnfnp]dp. Cs\ Ah ]e\m sNbvXtm s]utemkvv apjnp Xncnpt\mn Ahfnep `qXtmSp: "Ahsf hnpt]mIphm Rm tbip{InkvXphnsd \man \ntmSp Iev]npp' Fp ]dp. B \mgnIbn Xt Zpcmmhv Ahsf hnp t]mbn, Ah \ni_vZbmbn. XfpsS em`w sImp hym]mcns DdhnSw s]sv \tmbXpIv AhfpsS bPam\m s]utemkns\bpw ioemkns\bpw ]nSnp, s]mXp\oXn \Smp Nep {]amWnIfpsS ASptep henp sImpt]mbn, A[n]XnIfpsS apn \ndpn: "sblqZmcmb Cu a\pjy \psS ]Ws Ien, tdmamcmb \app AwKoIcnm\pw A\pkcnm\pw \ymbam BNmcsf {]kwKnpp' Fp ]dp. s]mXpP\hpw AhcpsS t\sc CfIn; A[n]XnI AhcpsS hkv{Xw ]dnpcnp tImsImp Ahsc ASnm Iev]np. Ahsc hfsc ASnn tijw XShn Bn. Ahsc Ghpw tamiamb IphmfnIfmbn IcpXn \ymbm[n]m AhcpsS {]Xnm_X hfsc Ii\amn. ImcmKrl{]amWntbmSp Ahsc kpcnXambn kqnm Iev]np. Cs\bp Iev]\ InpIbm Pbne AhcpsS XShv ITn\amn. Ahsc AIs Pbnentev (Ipd) hensdnv AhcpsS Im Ban Cp ]qn. ]utemkn\pw ioemkn\pw e`n _\ns Xo{hX bnscaym{]hmNI\v s_\ymao tKm]pcnepw tbmk^n\v ^dthms Imcm{Klnepw e`nXn\v kam\ambncpp.

PbnedpsS ]cnh\w:
Acm{Xnp s]utemkpw ioemkpw {]mnp ssZhs ]mSn kvXpXnp: XShpIm {inpsImncpp. s]sp Hcp henb `qIw Dmbn, ImcmKrlnsd ASnm\w Ipepn hmXn Hsbpw Xpdp, FmhcpsSbpw Ne AgnphoWp. ImcmKrl{]amWn DdpWp ImcmKrlnsd hmXnepI XpdncnpXp Inp Nem HmSntmbvfp Fp Dulnp hmfqcn Xsm sImphm `mhnp. Atm s]utemkv: \n\p Hcp tZmjhpw sNcpXp; R Fmhcpw ChnsS Dtm Fp Dds hnfnp ]dp. Ah shfnw tNmZnp AItp NmSn hnsdpwsImp s]utemknsdbpw ioemknsdbpw apn hoWp. Ahsc ]pdpsImp hp: bPam\mtc, c {]m]nm Rm Fp sNtWw Fp tNmZnp. Imhmb tbiphn hnizkn; Fm \obpw \nsd IpSpw_hpw c {]m]npw Fp Ah ]dp. ]ns Ah Imhnsd hN\w Aht\mSpw Ahsd honep FmhtcmSpw {]kwKnp. Ah cm{Xnbn, B \mgnIbn Xt, Ahsc Iqnsmp t]mbn AhcpsS apdnhpIsf IgpIn; Xm\pw X\nphscmhcpw XmaknbmsX kv\m\w Gp. ]ns Ahsc hon ssIsmp Ahp `Ww sImSpp, ssZhn hnizknXn hoSSw B\np.

t\cw ]petm A[n]XnI Hm^okdmsc Abp: "B a\pjyp t]mImw' Fp ]dbnp. ImcmKrl{]amWn Cu hm s]utemkns\ Adnbnp: \nsf hnbm A[n]XnI Bfbncnpp; BIbm kam[m\tmsS t]mIphn Fp ]dp. s]utemkv AhtcmSp: tdmas]ucmcmb Rsf Ah hnkvXmcw IqSmsX ]ckyambn ASnnp XShnemnbtm; Ctm clkyambn Rsf ]pdmppthm? As\ A; Ah Xt hp Rsf ]pdpsImp t]mIs Fp ]dp. Hm^okdm B hmp A[n]XnItfmSp t_m[nnmsd Ah tdmas]ucm Fp tIp `bsp sNp AhtcmSp \ hmp ]dp Ahsc ]pdp sImphp ]Ww hnp t]mtIWw Fp At]np. Ah XShp hnp epZnbbpsS hon sNp ktlmZcmsc Ip Bizknn tijw AhnsS \nv bm{Xbmbn.

]utemkv sXsem\nbn:
Ah Aw^ns]menknepw Asmtem\ybnepw IqSn ISp sXsem\nbn Fn. Cv ktems\v [ Saloneck ] Fp hnfnp sXsem\n {Koknse Hcp {][m\ \Kcambncpp. Aw^ns]menkv ^nennbv ASppw Asmtem\y sXsem\nbnSppw nXn sNbvXncp e Bbncpp. hnip ]utemkns anjy\dn bm{X ssZhoI am\ntin BbncpXn\m Ah ISpt]mtIXpw, hn{ian\v XmakntXpw, hN\w tLmjntXpw Bb {]tXyIw {]tXyIw e Fmw ]cnipmmhn\m Adnbnsncpp. Asmtem\y Av Cpcy [ Illyricum ] tZiw Fpw Adnbsncpp. Xm \phfm, Aphsc Hcnepw Innm tdmanse hnizmknIġv IsgpXptm Xm Imhns PtZiamb ]ekvXo\nse sbdpitew apX Av, bqtdmnse {Koknse Cpcy tZiw hsc Imhns kphntijhpw hlnv kcnp Fv {]Xn]mZnppv. "As\ Rm sbcpitew apX Cpcy tZitmfw Npnkcnp {InkvXphnsd kphntijtLmjWw ]qcnnncnpp.' (tdma 15:19)

sXsem\nbn sblqZmcpsS Hcp kntKmKv Dmbncpp. s]utemkv ]Xnhpt]mse AhcpsS ASp sNp aqp in XncpshgppIsf B[mcamn AhtcmSp kwkmcnp hmZnp. {InkvXp Iw A\p`hnbpw acnhcn \np Dbnsgptbpw sNtXp AhcpsS \ymb{]amWn FgpXs{]Imcw Bbncpp Fpw, X Ctm Adnbnp Cu tbip Xt {InkvXp Fpw sXfnbnp hnhcnpsImncpp. bmYmnXnI blqZmcn Nnecpw `nbp bh\mcn Hcp henb P\kaqlhpw {]apJ am\y kv{XoIfn At\Icpw hnizknp s]utemknt\mSpw ioemknt\mSpw tNp.

Fm hnizknm blqZm Akqbsv sXcphn an\sp \Sp Nne Zpmsc tNp ]pcpjmcs Cfn ]Wn Ielw Dmn. Ah Bphnfnv BfpIsf sXcphn Iqnhcpn. {]tIm]nXcmb P\qw AtmkvtXmem Xmaknncp hnizmknbmb bmtkmsd hoSp hfp B{Ianp Ahsc P\kaqln sImphcphm ]Xnbnp. Fm AtmkvtXmemsc Inmnv {]p_vZcmb P\kaqlw \h\mb bmtkms\bpw Nne ktlmZcmscbpw \Kcm[n]mcpsS ASptep CsgpsImp `cWm[nImcnItfmSv Ahsc IpsSpn. Ahv Xmakew \InbXv cmPyt{Zmlambn Ah sXncnnp. "ap efn Ipg krnh CXm ChntSbpw Fnbnbncnpp; Ahsc hnizknm Nnecpw Xbmdmbncnpp; Ah Fmw tbip F asmcph cmPmhp Fp ]dpsImp ssIkcpsS \nbaġp {]XnIqeambn {]hnpp' Fp \nehnfnp. Cu Bchhpw iImchpw tIv s]mXpP\hpw \Kcm[n]mcpw {`anp. Fm hnizmk]camb Cu ko hnjbn CSs]Sm aPnkvt{Sn\v a\nmbncpp. AXpsImv bmtkms\bpw kplrptfbpw Pmayw hmn hnbp.

]utemkv s_tcmshbn:
cm{XnbnXt, ktlmZcm s]utemkns\bpw ioemkns\bpw s_tcmshp ]dbp. hS {Koknse amkntUmWbn Cv shtdmb [ Veroia ] FdnbsSp Cu \Kcw sl\nIv, tdma ImeLn s_tcmsh Fv hnfnsncpp. Hfnkv ]Xn\v hSv, shanb ]X\ncIfpsS Ingp`mKp Hcp sNdnb \KcamWnXv. AhnsS Fn ]utemkpw ioemkpw XnsamsYtbmkpw sblqZmcpsS ]nbn t]mbn {InkvXob kphntijw {]kwKnp. s_tcmshm sXsem\nyscm Xpd a\phcpw \ymbt_m[aphcpw Bbncpp. Ah Imhmb tbip{InkvXphns kphntijns hN\w ]q Pm{KXtbmsS aphn[nIfnmsX kzoIcnpIbpw AhcpsS \ymb{]amW{]Imcw kphntijns kXyhpw Ir]bpsS D]m[nIfpw bpn]qw Zn\{Xn XncpshgppIsf ]cntim[nm XmdmIpIbpw sNbvXp. s_tcmshmcn ]ecpw, am\ycmb {]apJ bh\kv{XoIfnepw ]pcpjmcnepw At\Icpw Imhn hnizknp.

s]utemkv s_tcmhbnepw ssZhhN\w AdnbnXpw Ah AXv kzoIcnXpw sXsem\obnse {InkvXphns\ FXn AhnizmknIfmb, Akpbbpw tcmjhpw ]q sblqZm Adnp. Ah s_tcmhbnepw hp P\qs Cfn {`annv Iem]w BcwZnp, ]utemkn\pw ioemkn\pw XnsamsYtbmkn\pw {]kwKnm Ignbnsv Ddphcpn. Atm ktlmZcm s]utemkns\ kap{ZXoctp ]dbp; ioemkpw XnsamsYtbmkpw AhnsSt ]mp. s]utemknt\mSpIqsS hgnpW t]mbh Atls, {]ikvX \Kcamb AtY\tbmfw [ Athens ] sImpt]mbn; ioemkpw XnsamsYtbmkpw Ignbp thKn Xsd ASp AtY\bntev htcWw Fp ]utemkns \ntZiw hmn aSntmp. ]utemkv Xs IqmfnIsfqSmsX AtY\bn GIm\pw ZpJnX\pw Bbncpp.

s_scmhbn \npw ]utemkn\v hgnpW t]mbh sZmc\mb Kmsbmkpw sXtem\nymc\mb AcnkvXslmkpw Bbncpp. ]utemkv kzw Im kv\m\w sNbvX BZyIme hnizmknIfn Hcm Bbncpp Kmsbmkv. Pw sImv amkntUmWnbmcs\nepw Zbn nc Xmakw Bnbncpp. Zbvv ASp {]tifnepw Xs Peamb amkntUmWnbbnse sImcnnepw hnip ]utemkn\v BYnXyw hlnbpw kks`pw AXnYn kevmcw sNbvIbpw sNbvXncp alma\kvI\mbncpp Kmsbmkv. hni ]t{Xmkv Xs aqmas teJ\w FgpXnbncnpXv Kmtbmkns\ A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXpsImmWv. "aq\mb Rm kXyn kvt\lnp {]nb Kmsbmknp FgpXpXp:' (3 tblm 1:1) {Kokn\npw Gjybnse Zbn hp ]m Kmtbmkv Z kztZinbmb XnsamsYsbmkns kplrpw klNmcnbpw BbncpncnWw. hfsc alXzchpw DX XXz DsmpXpamb ]utemkns tdmasgpXnb teJ\w FgpXsXv sImcnnse Kmtbmkns `h\nshmsWv IcpXsSpp. tdmasgpXnb teJ\n ]utemkv Kmtbmkns t]cn A`nhmZyw Anppapv. ]e efnepw ]utemkns kl{]hI\mbncp AcnkvXslmkv, ]utemkv tdmans XShpImc\mbncnptm sImsemkypw ^ntemtam\pw teJ\sagpXptm AtltmsSmw Dmbncpp. cp teJ\fnepw ]utemkv AcnkvXslmkns \man A`nhmZyw sNppv.

]utemkv AtY\bn:
temInse Ghpw ]gtadnb \Kcfnsemmb AtY\ [ Athens ] {Koknse Ghpw henb \Kchpw AXns Xem\hpamWv. kmlnXy ImbnI C\fn GYkn\v Hcp \o ]mccyapv. BZyIme ]mmXy \mKcnIXbpsS Hcp {][m\ ASbmfambn CXns\ IWmpp. ]pcmX\ {Kov XzNn B. C. Bdmw \qmn DSseSpp. aX]cam coXnbn temIs a\nemphm XzNn D]tbmKnp. {Kop XzNn AXns XpSw apX ]mmXy kwkvImcs kzm[o\nnpv. GYkv Hcp ]T\tI{ambncpp. GYknse XyNnIcpw tkm^nkvpIfpw {KoknepS\ofw kcnv ]Tnnncpp. XzNnbpsS BNmcymcmb tkm{Iokpw ttmbpw GYkpIm Bbncpp. alm\mb AeIvkm N{IhnbpsS Aym]I\mb Acnkvtmnens {]h\aew GYkmbncpp.

AhnSs XzNnInSbn apJw ImWnm etbm `btam CmsX ]utemkv ]nbnshp sblqZmtcmSpw ssZh`mtcmSpw, Nepw Xpd sXcphnepw Znhtk\ IhtcmSpw kphntijw {]kwKnv kw`mjnp t]mp. AtY\bn s]utemkv Xs IqmfnIġmbn Imncnptm \Kcn _nw_ \ndncnpXp Ip Akz\mbn. Ahsc kXyspdnp Adnhntep \bnphm Atlw B{Klnp. Fnqcycpw kvtXmbncpw [ Epicurean and Stoic ] Bb XXzm\nIfn Nne AtltmSv hmZnp. Nne DX`mhap NnI, "Cu hnSphmb Fp ]dhm t]mIpp' Fp ]dp ]cnlknp. ]utemkv tbiphns\bpw ]p\cpm\sbpw Ipdnv {]kwKnXpsImp, Ahv Adnhnm A\ytZhXIsf Ipdnv tLmjnppshv ap Nnev tXmn. Fm Fm AtY\cpw AhnsS hp ]mp ]ctZinIfpw ]pXnb Bibsf am{Xw ]dbpItbm tIġpItbm sNm Ahkcw Imncphcmbncpp. AXpsImv Nne NnI Atls ]cmainpXv aqeyhmsWv IcpXn ]utemkn\v {]`mjWw \Sm Ahkcw Dmn. Ah ]utemkns\ Actbm]Kpnt [ Areopagus ] sImpt]mbn, AhtcmSp kwkmcn, Ahp a\nemIm B A]q \hot\m]tZis hyamphm \nnp.

Actbm]K {]`mjWw:
s]utemkv Actbm]Katy \npsImp Xs {]`mjWw Bcw`np: AtY\]pcpjmtc, \n Fmnepw AXn`m Fp Rm ImWpp. Rm Npn\Sp \nfpsS ]qPmm\sf t\mptm "AmXtZhp' Fp Fgpp Hcp thZnp Ip; Fm \n AdnbmsX ]qPnpXpXt Rm \ntfmSp Adnbnpp. BImihpw `qanbpw AXnepXp Hsbpw Dmnb ssZhw kznpw `qanpw \mY\mIsImp ssIWnbmb t{Xfn hmkw sNpn. Fm PohPmeġpw Poh\pw izmkhpw kIehpw sImSpph BIbm hXnpw apph F t]mse am\pjssIIfm ip{iqj BhiysSpn. `qXen Fpw IpSnbncnm Ah Htc cn\nv \np a\pjyPmXnsb Hsbpw Dfhmn, \n Bcn \npw AIncnph\m, \mw Pohnbpw Ncnbpw Ccnbpw sNp B ssZhs Xn\Sp Isptam Fp shp Ahs\ At\zjntXn\p AhcpsS \nhmknp AXncpIfpw Imefpw \nbnp. As\ \nfpsS Ihnhcmcnepw Nne: "\mw Ahsd km\atm' Fp ]dncnpp. \mw ssZhnsd kXnIfmbXn\m ssZhw a\pjysd inev]hnZybpw kev]hpwsImp sImnop s]m, shn, Ip FnhtbmSp kZriw Fp \ncq]ntXn. Fm AdnbmbvabpsS Imesf ssZhw eyammsX Ctm FmbnSpw Fmhcpw am\kmcstSWsap a\pjytcmSp Iev]npp. Ah \ntbmKn a\pjy temIs \oXntbmsS \ymbwhn[np Hcp Znhkw \nbnncnpp; Ahs\ acnhcn \np Dbnsgptev]nXn\m Fmhpw AXnsd Ddp \Inbpancnpp.

acnhcpsS ]p\cpm\spdnp tInp Nne ]cnlknp; ap Nne: R CXns\n ]nsbpw \nsd {]kwKw tIġpw Fp ]dp. As\ s]utemkv AhnsS \np ]pdsp. Fm Nne BfpI Aht\mSp tNp hnizknp; hnizknhcn Actbm]Km\nbmb Znsbm\ptkymkpw Zacnkv Fp t]cptmcp kv{Xobpw ap Nnecpw Dmbncpp. AXn\ptijw hnip ]utemkv X\nsb GYkv hnv sImcnn Fn. GYkn\q ]Snmdv 48 ssa Zpcn nXnsNp tdma km{mPyns Hcp {]hniybmbncp sImcnv AJmbbpsS {][m\ \Kchpw sXvay {Koknse khpw at\mlchpamb {]tZiambncpp.

AIznemkpw {]nkvnbpw:
sImcnn ]utemkv, Ceybn [ Italy ] \np B CsSp hh\mbn s]msmkvImc [ Pontus ] AIznemkv Fp t]cptmcp sblqZs\bpw Ahsd `mcy {]nkvnsbbpw Ipapn. Xpnbnse Cs Ing IcnS {]tZiv nXnsNp sX Xocv nXn sNbvXncp Hcp {]tZiambncpp s]msmkv. NnXdntmb blqZmcn ]ecpw B ev Xmaknncpp Fv hnip ]t{Xmkv olm Xs teJ\n kmnppv. "tbip{InkvXphnsd AsmkvXe\mb ]s{Xmkv s]msmknepw KemXybnepw IsZmIybnepw Bkybnepw _nYp\ybnepw NnXdnmp ]ctZinIfpw' (1 ]s{Xmkv 1:1) tdmamm shdpncp blqZmscmw Cen hnpt]mIWsap susZymkv kok N{IhnbpsS Ahkm\s Dchn{]ImcamWv AIznemkn\pw {]nkvnbvpw Cen hnp t]mtIn hXv. A. D. 41 apX 54 hsc km{mPyw `cnncp N{Ihn Bbncpp Xn_cnbmkv susZymkv kok. Cenp ]pdp P\n BZys tdma N{Ihn Bbncpp Atlw. Hcp {InkvXym\n BsWnepw AIznemkns\ Hcp blqZ\mbncpXn\m \mSpISn; hnPmXnbv Hcp blqZ\pw {InkvXym\nbpw Xn thXncndnbm Ignbm hn[n Bibpgw \ne\nncpp. AIznemkv tbiphns Abs Fgp]Xv injymcn HcmfmsWv ]mccyw hnizknpp. tdman Xmaknncp BZyIme ]cnhIcn Hcmfmb {]nkvn blqZm ]mccyap Hcp kv{Xo Bbncpp.

sXmgn HmIsImp ]utemkv AhtcmSp IqsS Xmaknv tPmen sNbvXp hp; AhcpsS sXmgn IqSmcWnbmbncpp [ Tent making ]. Fm iv\mfpIfn Ah ]nbn kwhmZnp \ymbhmZw \SpIbpw sblqZmscbpw bh\mscbpw A\p\bnnpIbpw sNbvXp. Fm ioemkpw XnsamsYtbmkpw amkntUmWnbmbn \nv tImcnn Xncnsn ]utemkns\ klmbnv ssII insSpnbtXmsS ]utemkv hopw ]qkab kphntij hN\ tLmjWn kzbw Anp. AIznemknsbpw {]nkvnbpsSbpw kmnyw BZyIme ss{IkvXh k`Isf insSpn. AhtcmSv ISsncnpXns AwKoImcnepw {]iwkbnepw ]utemkv DZmc\mbncpp. Xs "{InkvXptbiphn kl{]hI' FmWv Ahsc hntijnnXv. an teJ\fnepw Ahsc {]Ionv ]cmainppv. Nne ssZhimkv{X ]nXm {]nkvnsb F{_mbp teJ\ns AmX cNbnXmhmbn IWmppsnepw hnip ]utemkmWv Cu teJ\ns cNbnXmshv Imt\m\nIambn ncoIcnnpv.

sXsem\nIy teJ\w:
sImcnn hnip ]utemkv sXsem\nIyv BZys teJ\w FgpXn. ssZhnI {]tNmZ\m Xm FgpXnb BZys teJ\ambncpp CXv. XnsamsYsbmkpw ioemkpw Atls klmbnp Fp am{Xa, Ahsc klcNbnXmfmbn tcJsSpnbnpapv. sXsem\nIybn Imhn hnizkn Ipsd blqZmcpw [mcmfw {KopImcpw tN hyhm]nXamb Hcp k` thcpdncpp. XnsamsYsbmkpw ioemkpw sXsem\nIybn\npw Xncnsn AhnSs k`bnse ktlmZcmcpsS hnizmksbpw kvt\lsbpw ]n ]dIbpw ]utemkns\ hopw ImWWsap AhcpsS AXoh hmsbn Adnbnbpw sNbvXtm ]utemkv sXsem\nIyp Xs Hmas teJ\w FgpXm {]tNmZnX\mbn. Imhn \n{Z {]m]nh Dbsgpt\psapw, Ah Poht\mSncnphtcmsSmw Imhnss cmw hchn Ahs\ BImin FXntcpsapw Hmw teJ\n ]utemkv {]t_m[nnp. Fm Imhv DSXs Xncnphcpsav Ah sXmbn a\knemn. Xs Hmas teJ\w aqeapmb Ccw sXnmcWI XncppXn\pthn A[nIw XmaknbmsX Atlw AtX k`bvp cmas teJ\hpw FgpXn. Imhns cmw hchn\p appmtI, s]mXphmb hnizmkXymKw [General Apostacy], FXn{InkvXphns hchv [Revelation of AntiChrist] Fo cp kp{][m\ Imcysfpdnv Ahsc DZvt_m[nnp. IqSmsX, ImSpIġp Iognep AhcpsS Bizmkspdnpw ISaIfpsS DZvt_m[\sbpw amZi\tbpw Ipdnv Ahsc HmsSpn.

Fm sImcnnse AhnizmknIfmb blqZm kphntijs FXnbpw Zpjnbpw sNbvXtm Imhv InXps]mse, Ac{]Imcw, ]utemkv hkv{Xw IpSp, Imense s]mSn Xn PmXnIfpsS ASptev Xncnp. Wns AYnXnI hncpn\v hcmXncptm sXcphoYnIfn \nv BfpIsf hnfnp tNp Imhns D]a A\zambn. Atlw AhnSw hnp kntKmKn\p sXmcnsI Xmaknncp Xosmkv bpskvXmkv F Hcp ssZh`sd hon sNp kphntijw Adnbnp. ]n{]amWnbmb {Inkvs]mkv Xsd kIe IpSpw_tmSpw IqsS Imhn hnizknp; IqSmsX sImcnycn At\I hN\w tIp hnizknp kv\m\w Gp. sImcnn Xs thebn XpScm\p Hcp cm{XnZi\w ]utemkns\ t{]mmlnnp. hnfnsSph At\I B \Kcnepv Fpw Imhv XtmSpIqsS Dv Fpw D Ddv ]utemkn\v Duw ]Ip. As\ Atlw Hcmpw Bdp amkhpw AhcpsS CSbn ssZhhN\w D]tZinpsImp Xmaknp.

KemXy teJ\w:
epkv{Xbn shv XnsamsYtbmkn\v ssIshp \In Xti k`Iġv ip{iqj sNm Atls \nbantijw ]utemkpw ioemkpw {^pKybnepw KemXy tZifnepw IqSn kcnv kphntijw {]kwKnv k`I m]np. PqUmbnk thZhn]coXnIfpsS ]TnnepIfm KemXytZifnse k`bvv thcpdn. Cu Aip`hm ]utemkns ImXpIfn Fnbtm Atlw Akz\qw {]tIm]nX\pw Bbn; KemXyp teJ\sagpXn. teJ\sagpXnb ehpw kabhpw hya. IsgppImcpsS [ Amanuensis ] klmbanmsX kz ssImv henb Acn FgpXnb teJ\amWv KemXyteJ\w. "t\mphn: F{X henb Acambn Rm \nġp kz ssIsImpXt FgpXnbncnpp.' (KemXy 6:11) ap an teJ\fpw IsgppImcpsS [ Amanuensis ] klmbtmsS BWv FgpXnbnpXv. kz ssIsImv FgpXptm henb Acn FgpXn Fp ]dbptm, sNdnb Acn FgpXpXn\pw hmbnpXn\pw ]utemkn\v ImgvNpdhv Dmbncpp Fpw, AXmWv Xs icocnse iqew Fpw ]e thZimkv{X ]nXmcpw IcpXppv. "shfnmSpIfpsS B[nIym Rm AXnbmbn \nKfnp t]mImXncnm F\np PUn Hcp iqew Xncnpp; Rm \nKfnp t]mImXncntXnp Fs Ipphm kmmsd ZqXs\ Xt. AXp Fshnp \otXnp Rm aqp hw Imhnt\mSp At]np. Ah FtmSp: Fsd Ir] \n\p aXn; Fsd in _elo\Xbn XnIphcpp Fp ]dp. BIbm {InkvXphnsd in Fsdta BhkntXnp Rm AXnktmjtmsS Fsd _elo\XIfn {]iwknpw.' (2 sImcny 12:79)

susZymkv hmgvNbpsS GItZiw Ahkm\n, ]pXpXmbn cq]nIcn AJmb sk\tmdnb {]hiybpsS D]tZmhmbn, tdma sk\dmbncp eqknbkv Pq\nbkv Kntbm Ahtcm[nX\mbn. ]utemkv AsmkvtXmes\Xnsc blqZm Dbn Btcm]Ww BZytIhnbn Xs hmZw tIġmsX Kntbm Xnfp. hN\sbpw \masfbpw AhcpsS \ymb{]amWsbpw kw_np XkwKXnIġv \ymbm[n]Xn BIphm X\np a\n Fp Kntbm Xop ]dp, \ymbmk\n \np Ahsc ]pdmn. ]n {]amWnbmb tkmkvsXt\kns\ ]nSnp \ymbmk\nsd apn shp Ah ASnp; CXp Hpw Kntbm Iqmnbn. Cu Ahkcn Atlns s]cpamw blqZ kwthZ\aXtbmSp AhKW\bpw BZyImefn {InkvXpaXtmSp tdma DtZymKcpsS \njv] at\m`mhhpw BWv ImWnpXv. Kntbms Imemh[n A.D. 5152 ImeLambn BWvv IWmsSpXv.

s]utemkv Ipdp\m IqSn AhnsS Xmakntijw ktlmZcmtcmSp bm{X ]dnp, X\np Hcp t\ DmbncpXn\m sIw{Ibbn shp blqZ BNmca\pkcnv Xe sucw sNnnp {]nkvntbmSpw AIznemknt\mSpw IqsS I Ibdn kpdnbbntep ]pdsp. Fs^tkmkn Fn Ahsc AhnsS hnp ]ncnp. Fs^tkmkv Gjyssa\dnse Hcp alm\Kchpw XpdapJ ]Whpambncpp. Ctm B[p\nI XpnbpsS `mKamWv. s]utemkv ]nbn sNp sblqZmtcmSp kw`mjnp. IpsdqsS XmakntWw Fp Ah At]nnp Ah kXnmsX: ssZhlnXapsn Rm \nfpsS ASp aSnhcpw Fp ]dp hnShmn Fs^skmkn \np Iamw, ssIkcybn hndn, sbcpitean Hcp {lkz ki\w \Sn, k`sb A`nhmZyw sNbvXtijw Asmybntep t]mbn.

SEARCH: St. Peter, St. Paul, Apostles, Feast, Fr. T.J. Joshua, Orthodox Faith, Lent, Christian, Orthodox, Marthoma, Catholic, Gregorios, God, Kerala, Malayalam, Catholicos, Bible, Testamanet, Article, Parumala, Maramon, Basalios, Osthathios, Barnabas, Sunday, Memorial, Qurbana, Mass, Sacrament, Martyrs, Lord, Jesus, Christ, Roman, Jacobite, Antioch, Perunal, Feast, Blessing, Sabbath, Abraham, Jerusalem, Bethelhem, Nazareth, Jordan, Baptist, Family, Gospel, Epistle, Priest, Bishop, Syriac, Church, Cross, Sleeba, Liturgy, Deacon, Convention, Holy, Gregorios, Travalogue

FIRST MISSIONARY JOURNEY OF APOSTLE ST. PAUL

THIRD MISSIONARY JOURNEY OF APOSTLE ST. PAUL

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